When was the first co-operative or mutual? The spread of customer owned co-operatives in nineteenth century Britain is well-known and celebrated. Yet there are also precursors of co-operation and mutuality before this in countries right across the world.
In this new book being launched today (14 November), Ed Mayo brings together this rich story for the first time in this new book, A short history of co-operation and mutuality.
Covering everything from the Commons to lending circles to labourer societies, this is a fresh take on the origins of co-operation form a leading voice in the global co-operative movement.
“A very thoughtful, deeply researched and original history of cooperation and mutual aid.” Frank Trentmann, Professor of History